Remembering David Horowitz: Back to the Desert–the War over Suez!

The Suez crisis was a crucial turning point in world history. It marked Britain’s demise as the pre-eminent Western power in the Middle East and the assumption of that role by the United States-a role the US continues to play to this day.

Egyptian President Gamal Nasser began buying arms from the Soviets, unleashed the fedayeen (terrorists) on Israel, and had blockaded the Straits of Tiran. He continued to take actions that rankled the Eisenhower administration, threatening to turn to the Soviet Union for funding of the Aswan Dam project and to extend diplomatic recognition to Communist China.

In January 1956, David Horowitz learned that UN Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjold would visit both Cairo and Tel Aviv in efforts to ease tensions in the region. He was scheduled to meet with both Nasser and Ben-Gurion. David made a personal written appeal to the Secretary-General. In his letter to Hammarskjold, David stated, in part: “Since your flight to Cairo and Tel Aviv has been announced as a good will visit, you are in an excellent position to drive home the points you wish to raise with both President Nasser and Prime Minister Ben-Gurion. They must meet if peace is to come in the Palestine Zone.”

David continued by suggesting: “When you see Nasser, you might mention that Egypt had played a vital role in Old Testament history as evidenced so wonderfully in the fascinating story of Joseph and his brethren who found refuge in Egypt under a kind and benevolent Pharaoh. For a period of 400 years the Hebrews lived and thrived with their cousins the Egyptians, until Providence ordained them to leave and become an independent nation under the leadership of Moses, whom Islam venerates as Nebi Musa.

When you see David Ben-Gurion, you might open the Bible and show him Isaiah chapter 19, verses 24-25, when prophecy of the future speaks of an Israel and an Egypt at peace and as constituting a blessing in the midst of the earth.”

Just before his departure to the Middle East, Hammarskjold expressed his thanks to David, remarking that he considered the counsel to be of great value and hoping that his own personal intervention might bring a measure of success.

SuezWar

Other attitudes were shifting politically. The new Socialist government of France, headed by Guy Mollet, had grown increasingly close to the new Israeli government, politically, diplomatically, and militarily. The alliance with France proved to be crucial for Israel in the years to come. The French became Israel’s primary source of arms for roughly a decade and provided the key elements that ultimately allowed Israel to develop a nuclear capability.

1956IsraelEgypt

At the end of January, Former President Harry Truman, Eleanor Roosevelt, and labor leader Walter Reuther issued a joint statement urging the US provision of defensive arms to Israel to help it protect itself from the introduction of Communist arms to Arab countries in the Middle East.

France immediately informed the US that Mystere jet fighters would be sent to Israel.

The US made it known it would not object to the sale of arms to Israel by France or Britain, but continued to defer action on Israel’s request for US arms.

On February 26, 1956, Cantor Aaron Horowitz, David Horowitz’s father, was hailed as the dean of American Cantors in an impressive tribute to his 60 years of service to Orthodox Judaism. The testimonial dinner event, sponsored by B’nai Jacob Synagogue, brought forth messages of tribute to Cantor Horowitz and his wife from regional, state and national personages.

Among the many tributes in messages were those of President Eisenhower, Governor George M. Leader and Herman Wouk, iconic Pulitzer Prize-winning author whose works include “Caine Mutiny” and “Marjorie Morningstar.”

Mr. Wouk described the testimonial to Cantor Horowitz as a rare and splendid event. The author cited a traditional Hebrew concept that in each generation there are 36 unknowns whose spiritual ministrations enable the rest of the world to survive. Wouk concluded that Cantor Horowitz’s career might well place him in that category.

It was a most high tribute for Cantor Horowitz and a special time for a proud son.

In June 1956, Britain withdraws from Egypt, ending 74 years of military occupation and Golda Meir replaces Moshe Sharett as Foreign Minister in the Ben-Gurion government.

Following Britain’s withdrawal, Nasser responded by announcing that he was nationalizing the British-owned Suez Canal Company and would use toll revenues to finance the Aswan Dam Project. Britain regarded Nasser’s action as intolerable and began advocating a military intervention to reverse it. The US strongly opposed military action and pressed for a diplomatic solution to the crisis.

From Israel’s perspective, the continued blockade of the Suez Canal and Gulf of Aqaba, combined with the increased fedayeen attacks and buildup of Arab arms, made the situation intolerable. David Ben-Gurion decided to launch a pre-emptive strike with the backing of the British and French governments.

The three nations subsequently agreed on a plan whereby Israel would land paratroopers near the Canal and send its armor across the Sinai Desert. The British and French would then call for both sides to withdraw from the Canal Zone, fully expecting the Egyptians to refuse. At that point, British and French troops would be deployed to “protect” the Canal.

On October 29, 1956, Israel attacked Egypt. Operation Kadesh began with a paratroop drop near the Mitla Pass, about 30 miles from the Suez Canal.

The US government received no prior notice of the British-French-Israeli plan. Eisenhower was infuriated and immediately sent a message to David Ben-Gurion urging the withdrawal of forces. Ben-Gurion ignores the request. The US seeks a UN Security Council resolution calling for an Israeli withdrawal. Britain and France veto the US resolution and address a joint ultimatum to Egypt and Israel to withdraw from the Suez Canal area.

On October 31st, French and British warplanes destroy most of the Egyptian air force in raids on air bases near the Suez Canal. The Soviets inform Gamal Abdel Nasser they will not go to war over the Suez. Jordan and Syria reject his appeal for military support. He orders a withdrawal from Sinai to concentrate forces to repel the impending British and French invasion.

Given the pretext to continue fighting, the Israeli forces routed the Egyptians. The IDF armored corps swept across the desert, capturing virtually the entire Sinai by November 5th. That day, British and French paratroopers landed near Port Said and amphibious ships dropped commandos onshore. British troops captured Port Said and advanced to within 25 miles of Suez City before the British government agreed to a cease-fire.

Meanwhile back home, the Republican incumbent Dwight D. Eisenhower defeats challenger Adlai E. Stevenson for another term as US President in a rematch of their contest 4 years earlier.

Israel’s failure to inform the US of its intentions, combined with ignoring American entreaties not to go to war, sparked tensions between the countries. Pressuring Israel to withdraw included a threat to discontinue all US aid, impose UN sanctions, and expel Israel from the United Nations.

Additional pressure from the Soviets, the US and the UN would force Britain, France, and Israel to end their attack on Egypt. Nasser’s regime was saved.

By the end of the fighting, Israel held the Gaza Strip and had advanced as far as Sharm al-Sheikh along the Red Sea. A total of 231 Israeli soldiers died in the fighting.

US pressure resulted in an Israeli withdrawal from the areas it conquered without obtaining any concessions from the Egyptians. This would sow the seeds for a later war with Egypt in 1967. The only thing Israel would gain for giving up all the territories it had won would be the US assurance that its shipping lanes would be kept open.

On December 23, the last British and French troops leave the Suez Canal region.

Gamal Abdel Nasser’s prestige at home and among Arabs was undamaged. In fact, his greatest influence and popularity was just beginning.

 

This is the tenth in the ongoing series “Remembering David Horowitz.” Be sure to read any posts you have missed at our archive here.

Buntyn

Ralph Buntyn is executive vice president and associate editor of United Israel World Union. A historian and researcher, his many articles and essays have appeared in various media outlets.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Roots of Faith Online

bible-mouseRoots of Faith is a Biblical teaching and resource center operated by Ross K. Nichols, as an outreach effort of United Israel World Union. Ross Nichols is a Vice-President of UIWU and an ordained teacher since 2003. Each week, a growing global congregation assembles on-line to participate in an informative Sabbath service where they learn ancient truth for a modern world.

Every Saturday morning at 10:30 AM CST, Ross teaches an exciting and informative lesson on the weekly Torah portion. After the teaching, we read the weekly Torah and Prophet reading and then participate in an open dialogue session about the material covered during the class. During the service, there is a live chat that is open for fellowship. During the dialogue session the local congregation interacts with the on-line congregants in a mutual learning environment where people can share their views and express their opinions so long as they do so in a respectful manner.

What makes these classes refreshing is that the focus of the teaching is on the Scriptures themselves. While tradition and sectarian views are respected, and even discussed at times, the Biblical texts take precedence. All are welcome participants in our growing global on-line community. The classes present the biblical texts, “from the words, in connection with the words and on the basis of the words.”

The teachings have been described with kind words from our listeners. They have been described as instructive, insightful, fresh, realistic, challenging, and eye opening. While the teachings often present conclusions that stand in opposition to fundamentally accepted beliefs, the presentation and delivery have been described as sensitive, respectful and humble. The goal is to make the teachings of Torah plain so that those who wish to live accordingly may be prepared and encouraged to do so.

Ross describes his own approach as “Preaching Moses every Sabbath.” The ancient teachings of Moses and of the Hebrew Scriptures are presented as relevant instruction for today, thus the slogan of Roots of Faith is, “Ancient truth for a modern world.”

One can join our services weekly via live audio or video, or for those who cannot join in live, the lessons are uploaded to our site and are also available on YouTube and iTunes where they can be downloaded to your personal devices and listened to at your convenience.

If you are looking for a place where the Scriptures are proclaimed from their original and thoroughly Hebraic perspective, and where anyone who believes in the God of Israel and seeks to live according to the principles of the Hebrew Bible is welcome, then Roots of Faith may be what you have been looking for.



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48 Years Ago Today: June 7, 1967–Do You Remember?

June 7, 1967. Are you old enough to remember?  Those of us who do remember will never forget how the entire world was riveted to their televisions during the “Six Day War,” as the fledgling 19 year old state of Israel was locked in mortal combat with three hostile Arab states–Egypt, Jordan, and Syria–who had threatened to “drive the Jews into the Sea.”  The Israelis were vastly outnumbered in both manpower and military hardware. Their preemptive strike against Egypt’s airfields, followed by lightening moves against Syrian and Jordanian forces, turned the tide, but no one, not even the Israelis, expected such a victory, including the return of Jerusalem to Jewish sovereignty.

Today, June 7th, marks the 48th anniversary since the Israeli liberation of the Old City of Jerusalem. No Jews had been allowed in the Old City since 1948, when the city came under Jordanian rule as the British moved out.  You can read the account by Michael Oren here, taken from his book, Six Days of War: June 1967 and the Making of the Modern Middle East. This Youtube video captures the moment with live radio transmissions and footage as Israeli soldiers arrived at the Western Wall.

For me it was one of the defining events of my life and my generation.  I was 21 years old, living in Texas, and like so many others was glued to the television 24/7 as the fate of Israel hung in the balance. None doubted that the shrill words over Egyptian, Jordanian, and Syrian radio about finishing the job that Hitler began would be carried out in full should it be militarily possible.  The ancient words of Psalm 83 and Psalm 124 seemed uncannily relevant, as if history does indeed repeat itself in some strange cycle of protagonists.

1 If it had not been the LORD who was on our side, let Israel now say — 2 if it had not been the LORD who was on our side, when men rose up against us, 3 then they would have swallowed us up alive, when their anger was kindled against us; 4 then the flood would have swept us away, the torrent would have gone over us; 5 then over us would have gone the raging waters. 6 Blessed be the LORD, who has not given us as prey to their teeth! 7 We have escaped as a bird from the snare of the fowlers; the snare is broken, and we have escaped! 8 Our help is in the name of the LORD, who made heaven and earth.

Today however, reaches back much further than 1948. The book of Daniel speaks of Jerusalem being “trampled by the nations” for 2300 “days” (Daniel 8:13-14). The beginning of the end of Jewish sovereignty over Jerusalem was marked by the defeat of the Persian King Darius by Alexander the Great in 334 BCE. The Persians had allowed the Jews to return from their Babylonian Exile and rebuild their Temple. Alexander’s conquest marked the first of a long series of foreign occupiers–Roman, the Byzantine Christians, the Muslim conquest, the Crusaders, the Turks, the British, and finally the Jordanians. In some uncanny pattern of history June 1967 falls 2300 years after Alexander’s defeat of Darius, and it is after that period that the Prophet says the city will be “vindicated,” or literally “made right” (נצדך).

What few realize today with all the media rhetoric about “occupied Arab East Jerusalem” is that the Old City had a majority Jewish population under Turkish rule until the early 20th century, even though Jewish life was severely restricted, see my blog post on this here. Under Jordanian rule, from 1948 until 1967, Jews had been driven from the Old City and many historic markers of Jewish life and culture were systematically destroyed by the Arab Legion from Mt Zion to the Mount of Olives. I first visited Jerusalem in July, 1962, under Jordanian occupation, and even visited the Western Wall and the “Jewish Quarter,” but the Old City was filled with Christian tourists and Arabs, both Christian and Muslim–but strangely, no Jews. You can read my personal account here.

Forty-eight years later the differences are hard to fathom with religious rights and access guaranteed by the Israeli government to all faiths and holy sites and much of the Jewish Quarter restored–including most recently the magnificent Huvra Synagogue. Jerusalem is far from trouble free but it is a diverse and dynamic city that is constantly improving life for all its citizens under the leadership of Mayor Nir Barkat. Tourism, despite all the challenges of terrorism and potential war, is booming. It is a magical city, rich in culture and history, with the stories of its past being continually enlightened by new archaeological discoveries such as those now being uncovered on Mount Zion, that reflect on the history of Jews, Christians, and Muslims alike.

The Birth of Prophecy…Spiritually Speaking

SciniaThis week, Ross covers material found in Torah Reading, Be-Ha’alotcha (Numbers 8:1-12:16). He begins by pointing out that the wilderness was a place of miracles and closeness with YHVH. Ross highlights the phrase “mouth of YHVH” from this week’s reading. The phrase occurs some 50 times in the Hebrew Bible, 18 of which, occur in the Book of Numbers. We learn for instance that the children of Israel moved camp according to the mouth of YHVH. From this point Ross shows what led to the birth of prophecy. Working carefully through various texts he demonstrates that prophecy is the method by which YHVH chose to speak to His people. Contrary to popular opinion, Ross goes on to show that the Spirit is an essential part of the ancient Hebrew Covenant.

Watch the video of this informative class.

Remembering David Horowitz: The Gathering Storm

1954 began with an all too familiar sameness. A January issue of the New York Times reported King ibn Saud of Saudi Arabia urged the sacrifice of 10 million Arabs to “uproot the cancer” of Israel, while infiltration attacks inside Israel by Arab guerrillas continued on a frequent basis.

David Horowitz became involved in controversy when the editor of a small mid-western newspaper, James M. Watkins, accused David of advocating the conversion of Christians to Judaism. In the February 23, 1954 edition of “The Restitution Herald” of Oregon, Illinois, Mr. Watkins criticized David for being a Jewish missionary, along with the frivolous charge that he somehow had near complete control of Israeli news. Watkins charged that “Since Horowitz controls most of the press dispatches that go to the nation of Israel, as well as that which is sent out in this country, we can assume that he expressed the official viewpoint of the nation (Israel).” Talk about the power of the press.

Reacting to Watkins’ editorial, Karl Baehr, Executive Director of the American Christian Palestine Committee (a pro-Israel Christian group), in a letter that was printed in the March 30 edition of the “Restitution Herald,” tried to dissuade any anti-Semitic or anti-Jewish feelings among Watkins’ readers.

Responding to both Watkins and Baehr, David sent a reply to the “Restitution Herald” dated April 13, 1954. In the letter, David defended his views and his press dispatches. In reference to a specific passage, he remarked that the statement was not his, but that of “a Catholic, Malcolm Hay, author of the book “The Foot of Pride” (Beacon Press, Boston 1950). “A book,” Horowitz suggested, “that Watkins and every true Christian ought to read.” Hay’s book carefully chronicles the roots of Christian anti-Semitism.

Middle East policy continued to focus on containing the Soviet Union. The Arab states often played the superpowers off against each other in an effort to win concessions from one or the other. One Arab ruler, however, stood in the middle of everything: the inter-Arab rivalries, opposition to Western imperialism, Eisenhower’s bid to create a regional alliance, and the perpetuation of the war with Israel. That man was Gamel Abdel Nasser. Over the next two decades, Nasser was to be an extremely forceful and charismatic advocate of radical Arab nationalism and of resistance to Western domination.

Ike & Nasser

This was an especially busy and active time at the UN and Horowitz’s role as a journalist took on an intensive tempo. In addition to his many hours interviewing delegates and ambassadors from various other nations, he had considerable contact with Israeli Ambassador Abba Eban and new UN Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjold. He also interviewed France’s Pierre Mendes France during his visit to the world organization.

Horowitz, persistent as always, continued his campaign to get the Israel-Arab dispute settled by the utilization of the Bible and the Koran. During August 1954, he tried to convince Egypt’s chief UN delegate Major-General Abdel Hamid Ghaleb and received a most interesting and candid response.

Speaking to Horowitz, Ghaleb emphatically stated that he and all religious Egyptians believe in the Torah as much as in the Koran and they venerate Moses as one of the holiest men to have appeared on earth. He further told David “that if the people in the Middle East turned to the Torah and the Koran for guidance instead of accepting their own narrow views, peace could come to the region. Allah is the same God worshipped by Israel, and this one God certainly does not want them to quarrel and fight over questions which, in the final analysis, are disposed of by Him anyway.”

Ghaleb also revealed that Egyptian President General Mohammed Naguib (who appointed Ghaleb), during his premiership, often visited synagogues and was sincere in his desire to come to some understanding with Israel. But, as recent developments showed, his way was overruled. Undoubtedly having restrained his innermost feelings, he succeeded in escaping the fate that befell the late King Abdullah of Jordan whose mind was open for negotiations with Israel.

On September 28, 1954, Egypt seized the Israeli merchant vessel “Bat Galim” in the Suez Canal. The issue would be brought before the UN Security Council with the fiasco continuing into 1955 before a resolution would be reached.

In February 1955, Israeli Defense Minister Pinhas Lavon resigns following the uncovering of an Israeli intelligence network in Egypt. David Ben Gurion returns to government as Defense Minister.

In March 1955, David Horowitz made his fifth trip to Israel. His first visit took place in 1924 when Israeli pioneering was in its height. Subsequent trips were taken in 1932, 1951 and 1953. This time David would be holding high level meetings as a UN correspondent as well as conducting a little United Israel business.

David met with former Irgun leader Menachem Begin, who was a member of the Israeli Knesset in behalf of the second largest party, Herut. Mr. Begin expressed to David that the greatest threat facing Israel at the time was guerrilla warfare.

David also gained an audience with Israeli President Yitzhak Ben-Zvi, who had served in the Jewish Legion together with Ben-Gurion and was among the signers of the Declaration of Independence on May 14, 1948. The Israeli President showed a deep interest in United Israel World Union and said he would extend an official welcome to any UIWU group. David later remarked “that President Ben-Zvi is a great scholar who has shown a profound interest in the fate that has befallen Israel’s tribes scattered all over the world.”

Countless hours were spent in interviews with other officials at Jerusalem’s UN headquarters.

Before leaving Israel, David visited some old friends, the Tritto family, now residing in Safed in the Galilee region. Esther, her husband Eliezer and family were among scores of other Italians, all former Catholics who had embraced the Hebrew faith, who came to Israel from the south Italian town of San Nicandro in 1949. He happily reported that they had established firm roots in Safed and were helping to build Israel.

As April 1955 came to a close, France was hit with Arab threats and protests for shipping arms to Israel. Jordan also threatened to boycott French goods and the Foreign Ministers of both Syria and Lebanon protested the French action. Egypt was asking that the Negev be detached from Israel. Just another busy day at the office of Middle Eastern affairs.

In June 1955, David became a charter member of “Judaism Universal,” a new international society for the propagation of the Hebrew faith as a world religion funded in New York City. Blessed and endorsed by Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson, “Judaism Universal” adopted the following three-point program: to reclaim the Jewish youth; to Judaize the Jews; and to draw within the sphere of Jewish life neglected Jewish communities in isolated parts of the world, including non-Jewish populations who hunger after universal truth and righteousness.

During a national election in Israel, David Ben-Gurion is again elected Prime Minister and Defense Minister. Moshe Sharett becomes Foreign Minister.

US officials continued to reach out to Gamel Nasser. Egypt was offered promises of arms and help in building the Aswan Dam. Nasser instead began to look to the Soviet Union. He began to import arms from the Soviet Bloc to build his arsenal for a confrontation with Israel. In the short-term, however, he employed a new tactic to prosecute Egypt’s war with Israel. He announced it on August 31, 1955: “Egypt has decided to dispatch her heroes, the disciples of Pharaoh and the sons of Islam, and they will cleanse the land of Palestine.” These “heroes” were Arab terrorists, or fedayeen, trained and equipped by Egyptian Intelligence to engage in hostile action on the border and infiltrate Israel to commit acts of sabotage and murder.

The terrorist attacks violated the armistice agreement provision that prohibited the initiation of hostilities by paramilitary forces; nevertheless, it was Israel that was condemned by the UN Security Council for its counterattacks.

The escalation continued with the Egyptian blockade of the Straits of Tiran, Israel’s only supply route with Asia. Less than two weeks later, on October 25, Egypt signed a tripartite agreement with Syria and Jordan, which placed Nasser in command of all three armies.

As 1955 drew to a close, Gamel Nasser was making clear his intent. In an interview with New York Post reporter Paul Sann, he explained, carefully and quite clearly, “that Egypt would never, under any circumstances, consider peace with the Jewish State.”

Even as war clouds gathered over the Middle East, history would remind us once again: One should never say never.

This is the ninth in the ongoing series “Remembering David Horowitz.” Be sure to read any posts you have missed at our archive here.

Buntyn

Ralph Buntyn is executive vice president and associate editor of United Israel World Union. A historian and researcher, his many articles and essays have appeared in various media outlets.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wishing All a Meaningful Shavuot 2015/5775

Chag Sameach Shavuot–Happy Festival of Weeks!

This year it just happens that the traditional Jewish day of the “Festival of Weeks,” known otherwise as Pentecost (from the Greek word πεντηκοστή meaning “50th”), corresponds with the more literal “count” of 50 days beginning the “day after the Sabbath” of Passover week–counting 50 days–until the day after the seventh Sabbath or Sunday (Leviticus 23:15-16; Deuteronomy 16:10). For Jews Shavuot marks the giving of the Torah at Mt Sinai or Horeb (Exodus 19:1ff) and for Christians, Pentecost (known by its Greek name) marks the beginning of what was later understood as the inauguration of a “New Covenant” (Acts 2:1-4). Event the Dead Sea Scrolls community had a ceremony for the “renewal of the Covenant” on this day in ancient times (Community Rule).

shavuotWhatever its meaning it always seems to have to do with “new beginnings” and inauguration. So wishing all new beginnings and abundance of “harvest.”

 

Remembering All the Way in the Wilderness

Wilderness-part1This is the first class in Ross’ teaching series on the Biblical Book of Numbers. In this class Ross introduces the Torah’s 4th book and provides his listeners with a point that the journeys of the children of Israel represent not only geographical movement, but a transition of faith and a transition from a nation of slaves to a free and holy nation. Ross demonstrates that the salvation of Israel involves a departure from Egypt as well as a journey towards the land of milk and honey. He shows that while many people see the wilderness as a place of dryness and barrenness, the Bible presents another picture of life in the wilderness: a life of divine protection, provision and purpose.

Click here to listen to this teaching.

Jerusalem Day and the Prophet Daniel

wallIyar 28th on the Jewish calendar marks the day that Jerusalem was re-united and the Jewish people regained control of the Old City in June of 1967. Could it be that the miraculous events of June 7, 1967 were foretold by the ancient prophet Daniel? In his book, Restoring Abrahamic Faith, Dr. James Tabor (2008) presents a compelling argument that the “completely unanticipated capture of the Old City of Jerusalem by Israeli forces during the Six Day War…appears to provide a rather remarkable ‘benchmark’ of prophetic fulfillment” (p. 92).

Tabor shows that the capture of Jerusalem on June 7, 1967 / Iyar 28, 5727 happens to coincide precisely with an ancient event that took place 2300 years earlier. Tabor (2008) stated, “the Persian defeat by Alexander the Great, on June 7, 334 B.C.E. (Artemisius 28th on the Olympiad Calendar), began 2300 years of hostile Gentile domination of Jerusalem” (p.93). As Tabor (2008) puts it, “the fact that the entire Temple Mount, including the Dome of the Rock and the al-Aqsa Mosque, came under Jewish control on that very day, in that very year, June 7, 1967, is rather uncanny” (p.93). Uncanny indeed. Why so?

The Hebrew prophet Daniel spoke of a he-goat that would defeat a ram. This would be followed by a trampling of Jerusalem by Gentiles, but then after the 2300 days are over there would be a “vindication” (Daniel Chapter 8). Scholars agree that the “he-goat” represents Greece and the “ram” represents Persia. Students of prophecy have often interpreted the “days” of Daniel’s prophecy as “years.” Tabor (2008) shows that Methodist minister, Adam Clarke, in 1825 predicted with close accuracy the restoration of Jerusalem. He missed by one year, presumably because he, “made a mistake in math moving from B.C.E. to C.E., neglecting to add the extra year required (there is no year zero)” (Tabor, p. 92-92).

On this day, as you reflect on the miracle of Jerusalem Day, consider that the events of that day in the summer of 1967, may very well have been seen by an ancient Jewish prophet.

References & Additional Reading

Six Day War. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.sixdaywar.co.uk/news_articles-three-soldiers.htm

Tabor, J.D. (2008). Restoring Abrahamic Faith (3rd ed.). Charlotte, NC: Genesis 2000.

Tabor, J.D. (2013). TaborBlog. Retrieved from http://jamestabor.com/2013/05/08/jerusalem-day-june-7-1967/

Blessings Begin When We Listen

iStock_000064023065_XXXLarge-copy-200x300In this class Ross covers material from the final two readings of the book of Leviticus. He focuses on what are called the blessings and the curses found in the 26th chapter. Ross shows that the blessings are the result of obedience, or as the Torah puts it – Listening! Could it really be that simple? Ross shows from multiple examples that to listen is the first step in the process of Biblical blessing. He also shows that NOT listening to the Torah leads to the “curse of the Law!” You will not want to miss this teaching.

Click here to listen to this teaching.

Israel’s Bible in the Little

littlebibleIn this week’s class, Ross continues with the study of holiness. He begins by covering several key passages that state the charge given to the priests about being Holy and then works through various texts to illustrate this point. He bases the teaching on what he calls, Israel’s Bible in the little (Leviticus 22:31-33). In these few verses, Ross shows that holiness can be clearly defined. What is the secret to holiness? Listen to this teaching to find out.

Click here to listen to this teaching.