Roots of Faith Online

bible-mouseRoots of Faith is a Biblical teaching and resource center operated by Ross K. Nichols, as an outreach effort of United Israel World Union. Ross Nichols is a Vice-President of UIWU and an ordained teacher since 2003. Each week, a growing global congregation assembles on-line to participate in an informative Sabbath service where they learn ancient truth for a modern world.

Every Saturday morning at 10:30 AM CST, Ross teaches an exciting and informative lesson on the weekly Torah portion. After the teaching, we read the weekly Torah and Prophet reading and then participate in an open dialogue session about the material covered during the class. During the service, there is a live chat that is open for fellowship. During the dialogue session the local congregation interacts with the on-line congregants in a mutual learning environment where people can share their views and express their opinions so long as they do so in a respectful manner.

What makes these classes refreshing is that the focus of the teaching is on the Scriptures themselves. While tradition and sectarian views are respected, and even discussed at times, the Biblical texts take precedence. All are welcome participants in our growing global on-line community. The classes present the biblical texts, “from the words, in connection with the words and on the basis of the words.”

The teachings have been described with kind words from our listeners. They have been described as instructive, insightful, fresh, realistic, challenging, and eye opening. While the teachings often present conclusions that stand in opposition to fundamentally accepted beliefs, the presentation and delivery have been described as sensitive, respectful and humble. The goal is to make the teachings of Torah plain so that those who wish to live accordingly may be prepared and encouraged to do so.

Ross describes his own approach as “Preaching Moses every Sabbath.” The ancient teachings of Moses and of the Hebrew Scriptures are presented as relevant instruction for today, thus the slogan of Roots of Faith is, “Ancient truth for a modern world.”

One can join our services weekly via live audio or video, or for those who cannot join in live, the lessons are uploaded to our site and are also available on YouTube and iTunes where they can be downloaded to your personal devices and listened to at your convenience.

If you are looking for a place where the Scriptures are proclaimed from their original and thoroughly Hebraic perspective, and where anyone who believes in the God of Israel and seeks to live according to the principles of the Hebrew Bible is welcome, then Roots of Faith may be what you have been looking for.

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48 Years Ago Today: June 7, 1967–Do You Remember?

June 7, 1967. Are you old enough to remember?  Those of us who do remember will never forget how the entire world was riveted to their televisions during the “Six Day War,” as the fledgling 19 year old state of Israel was locked in mortal combat with three hostile Arab states–Egypt, Jordan, and Syria–who had threatened to “drive the Jews into the Sea.”  The Israelis were vastly outnumbered in both manpower and military hardware. Their preemptive strike against Egypt’s airfields, followed by lightening moves against Syrian and Jordanian forces, turned the tide, but no one, not even the Israelis, expected such a victory, including the return of Jerusalem to Jewish sovereignty.

Today, June 7th, marks the 48th anniversary since the Israeli liberation of the Old City of Jerusalem. No Jews had been allowed in the Old City since 1948, when the city came under Jordanian rule as the British moved out.  You can read the account by Michael Oren here, taken from his book, Six Days of War: June 1967 and the Making of the Modern Middle East. This Youtube video captures the moment with live radio transmissions and footage as Israeli soldiers arrived at the Western Wall.

For me it was one of the defining events of my life and my generation.  I was 21 years old, living in Texas, and like so many others was glued to the television 24/7 as the fate of Israel hung in the balance. None doubted that the shrill words over Egyptian, Jordanian, and Syrian radio about finishing the job that Hitler began would be carried out in full should it be militarily possible.  The ancient words of Psalm 83 and Psalm 124 seemed uncannily relevant, as if history does indeed repeat itself in some strange cycle of protagonists.

1 If it had not been the LORD who was on our side, let Israel now say — 2 if it had not been the LORD who was on our side, when men rose up against us, 3 then they would have swallowed us up alive, when their anger was kindled against us; 4 then the flood would have swept us away, the torrent would have gone over us; 5 then over us would have gone the raging waters. 6 Blessed be the LORD, who has not given us as prey to their teeth! 7 We have escaped as a bird from the snare of the fowlers; the snare is broken, and we have escaped! 8 Our help is in the name of the LORD, who made heaven and earth.

Today however, reaches back much further than 1948. The book of Daniel speaks of Jerusalem being “trampled by the nations” for 2300 “days” (Daniel 8:13-14). The beginning of the end of Jewish sovereignty over Jerusalem was marked by the defeat of the Persian King Darius by Alexander the Great in 334 BCE. The Persians had allowed the Jews to return from their Babylonian Exile and rebuild their Temple. Alexander’s conquest marked the first of a long series of foreign occupiers–Roman, the Byzantine Christians, the Muslim conquest, the Crusaders, the Turks, the British, and finally the Jordanians. In some uncanny pattern of history June 1967 falls 2300 years after Alexander’s defeat of Darius, and it is after that period that the Prophet says the city will be “vindicated,” or literally “made right” (נצדך).

What few realize today with all the media rhetoric about “occupied Arab East Jerusalem” is that the Old City had a majority Jewish population under Turkish rule until the early 20th century, even though Jewish life was severely restricted, see my blog post on this here. Under Jordanian rule, from 1948 until 1967, Jews had been driven from the Old City and many historic markers of Jewish life and culture were systematically destroyed by the Arab Legion from Mt Zion to the Mount of Olives. I first visited Jerusalem in July, 1962, under Jordanian occupation, and even visited the Western Wall and the “Jewish Quarter,” but the Old City was filled with Christian tourists and Arabs, both Christian and Muslim–but strangely, no Jews. You can read my personal account here.

Forty-eight years later the differences are hard to fathom with religious rights and access guaranteed by the Israeli government to all faiths and holy sites and much of the Jewish Quarter restored–including most recently the magnificent Huvra Synagogue. Jerusalem is far from trouble free but it is a diverse and dynamic city that is constantly improving life for all its citizens under the leadership of Mayor Nir Barkat. Tourism, despite all the challenges of terrorism and potential war, is booming. It is a magical city, rich in culture and history, with the stories of its past being continually enlightened by new archaeological discoveries such as those now being uncovered on Mount Zion, that reflect on the history of Jews, Christians, and Muslims alike.

The Birth of Prophecy…Spiritually Speaking

SciniaThis week, Ross covers material found in Torah Reading, Be-Ha’alotcha (Numbers 8:1-12:16). He begins by pointing out that the wilderness was a place of miracles and closeness with YHVH. Ross highlights the phrase “mouth of YHVH” from this week’s reading. The phrase occurs some 50 times in the Hebrew Bible, 18 of which, occur in the Book of Numbers. We learn for instance that the children of Israel moved camp according to the mouth of YHVH. From this point Ross shows what led to the birth of prophecy. Working carefully through various texts he demonstrates that prophecy is the method by which YHVH chose to speak to His people. Contrary to popular opinion, Ross goes on to show that the Spirit is an essential part of the ancient Hebrew Covenant.

Watch the video of this informative class.

Remembering David Horowitz: The Gathering Storm

1954 began with an all too familiar sameness. A January issue of the New York Times reported King ibn Saud of Saudi Arabia urged the sacrifice of 10 million Arabs to “uproot the cancer” of Israel, while infiltration attacks inside Israel by Arab guerrillas continued on a frequent basis.

David Horowitz became involved in controversy when the editor of a small mid-western newspaper, James M. Watkins, accused David of advocating the conversion of Christians to Judaism. In the February 23, 1954 edition of “The Restitution Herald” of Oregon, Illinois, Mr. Watkins criticized David for being a Jewish missionary, along with the frivolous charge that he somehow had near complete control of Israeli news. Watkins charged that “Since Horowitz controls most of the press dispatches that go to the nation of Israel, as well as that which is sent out in this country, we can assume that he expressed the official viewpoint of the nation (Israel).” Talk about the power of the press.

Reacting to Watkins’ editorial, Karl Baehr, Executive Director of the American Christian Palestine Committee (a pro-Israel Christian group), in a letter that was printed in the March 30 edition of the “Restitution Herald,” tried to dissuade any anti-Semitic or anti-Jewish feelings among Watkins’ readers.

Responding to both Watkins and Baehr, David sent a reply to the “Restitution Herald” dated April 13, 1954. In the letter, David defended his views and his press dispatches. In reference to a specific passage, he remarked that the statement was not his, but that of “a Catholic, Malcolm Hay, author of the book “The Foot of Pride” (Beacon Press, Boston 1950). “A book,” Horowitz suggested, “that Watkins and every true Christian ought to read.” Hay’s book carefully chronicles the roots of Christian anti-Semitism.

Middle East policy continued to focus on containing the Soviet Union. The Arab states often played the superpowers off against each other in an effort to win concessions from one or the other. One Arab ruler, however, stood in the middle of everything: the inter-Arab rivalries, opposition to Western imperialism, Eisenhower’s bid to create a regional alliance, and the perpetuation of the war with Israel. That man was Gamel Abdel Nasser. Over the next two decades, Nasser was to be an extremely forceful and charismatic advocate of radical Arab nationalism and of resistance to Western domination.

Ike & Nasser

This was an especially busy and active time at the UN and Horowitz’s role as a journalist took on an intensive tempo. In addition to his many hours interviewing delegates and ambassadors from various other nations, he had considerable contact with Israeli Ambassador Abba Eban and new UN Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjold. He also interviewed France’s Pierre Mendes France during his visit to the world organization.

Horowitz, persistent as always, continued his campaign to get the Israel-Arab dispute settled by the utilization of the Bible and the Koran. During August 1954, he tried to convince Egypt’s chief UN delegate Major-General Abdel Hamid Ghaleb and received a most interesting and candid response.

Speaking to Horowitz, Ghaleb emphatically stated that he and all religious Egyptians believe in the Torah as much as in the Koran and they venerate Moses as one of the holiest men to have appeared on earth. He further told David “that if the people in the Middle East turned to the Torah and the Koran for guidance instead of accepting their own narrow views, peace could come to the region. Allah is the same God worshipped by Israel, and this one God certainly does not want them to quarrel and fight over questions which, in the final analysis, are disposed of by Him anyway.”

Ghaleb also revealed that Egyptian President General Mohammed Naguib (who appointed Ghaleb), during his premiership, often visited synagogues and was sincere in his desire to come to some understanding with Israel. But, as recent developments showed, his way was overruled. Undoubtedly having restrained his innermost feelings, he succeeded in escaping the fate that befell the late King Abdullah of Jordan whose mind was open for negotiations with Israel.

On September 28, 1954, Egypt seized the Israeli merchant vessel “Bat Galim” in the Suez Canal. The issue would be brought before the UN Security Council with the fiasco continuing into 1955 before a resolution would be reached.

In February 1955, Israeli Defense Minister Pinhas Lavon resigns following the uncovering of an Israeli intelligence network in Egypt. David Ben Gurion returns to government as Defense Minister.

In March 1955, David Horowitz made his fifth trip to Israel. His first visit took place in 1924 when Israeli pioneering was in its height. Subsequent trips were taken in 1932, 1951 and 1953. This time David would be holding high level meetings as a UN correspondent as well as conducting a little United Israel business.

David met with former Irgun leader Menachem Begin, who was a member of the Israeli Knesset in behalf of the second largest party, Herut. Mr. Begin expressed to David that the greatest threat facing Israel at the time was guerrilla warfare.

David also gained an audience with Israeli President Yitzhak Ben-Zvi, who had served in the Jewish Legion together with Ben-Gurion and was among the signers of the Declaration of Independence on May 14, 1948. The Israeli President showed a deep interest in United Israel World Union and said he would extend an official welcome to any UIWU group. David later remarked “that President Ben-Zvi is a great scholar who has shown a profound interest in the fate that has befallen Israel’s tribes scattered all over the world.”

Countless hours were spent in interviews with other officials at Jerusalem’s UN headquarters.

Before leaving Israel, David visited some old friends, the Tritto family, now residing in Safed in the Galilee region. Esther, her husband Eliezer and family were among scores of other Italians, all former Catholics who had embraced the Hebrew faith, who came to Israel from the south Italian town of San Nicandro in 1949. He happily reported that they had established firm roots in Safed and were helping to build Israel.

As April 1955 came to a close, France was hit with Arab threats and protests for shipping arms to Israel. Jordan also threatened to boycott French goods and the Foreign Ministers of both Syria and Lebanon protested the French action. Egypt was asking that the Negev be detached from Israel. Just another busy day at the office of Middle Eastern affairs.

In June 1955, David became a charter member of “Judaism Universal,” a new international society for the propagation of the Hebrew faith as a world religion funded in New York City. Blessed and endorsed by Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson, “Judaism Universal” adopted the following three-point program: to reclaim the Jewish youth; to Judaize the Jews; and to draw within the sphere of Jewish life neglected Jewish communities in isolated parts of the world, including non-Jewish populations who hunger after universal truth and righteousness.

During a national election in Israel, David Ben-Gurion is again elected Prime Minister and Defense Minister. Moshe Sharett becomes Foreign Minister.

US officials continued to reach out to Gamel Nasser. Egypt was offered promises of arms and help in building the Aswan Dam. Nasser instead began to look to the Soviet Union. He began to import arms from the Soviet Bloc to build his arsenal for a confrontation with Israel. In the short-term, however, he employed a new tactic to prosecute Egypt’s war with Israel. He announced it on August 31, 1955: “Egypt has decided to dispatch her heroes, the disciples of Pharaoh and the sons of Islam, and they will cleanse the land of Palestine.” These “heroes” were Arab terrorists, or fedayeen, trained and equipped by Egyptian Intelligence to engage in hostile action on the border and infiltrate Israel to commit acts of sabotage and murder.

The terrorist attacks violated the armistice agreement provision that prohibited the initiation of hostilities by paramilitary forces; nevertheless, it was Israel that was condemned by the UN Security Council for its counterattacks.

The escalation continued with the Egyptian blockade of the Straits of Tiran, Israel’s only supply route with Asia. Less than two weeks later, on October 25, Egypt signed a tripartite agreement with Syria and Jordan, which placed Nasser in command of all three armies.

As 1955 drew to a close, Gamel Nasser was making clear his intent. In an interview with New York Post reporter Paul Sann, he explained, carefully and quite clearly, “that Egypt would never, under any circumstances, consider peace with the Jewish State.”

Even as war clouds gathered over the Middle East, history would remind us once again: One should never say never.

This is the ninth in the ongoing series “Remembering David Horowitz.” Be sure to read any posts you have missed at our archive here.


Ralph Buntyn is executive vice president and associate editor of United Israel World Union. A historian and researcher, his many articles and essays have appeared in various media outlets.

























Wishing All a Meaningful Shavuot 2015/5775

Chag Sameach Shavuot–Happy Festival of Weeks!

This year it just happens that the traditional Jewish day of the “Festival of Weeks,” known otherwise as Pentecost (from the Greek word πεντηκοστή meaning “50th”), corresponds with the more literal “count” of 50 days beginning the “day after the Sabbath” of Passover week–counting 50 days–until the day after the seventh Sabbath or Sunday (Leviticus 23:15-16; Deuteronomy 16:10). For Jews Shavuot marks the giving of the Torah at Mt Sinai or Horeb (Exodus 19:1ff) and for Christians, Pentecost (known by its Greek name) marks the beginning of what was later understood as the inauguration of a “New Covenant” (Acts 2:1-4). Event the Dead Sea Scrolls community had a ceremony for the “renewal of the Covenant” on this day in ancient times (Community Rule).

shavuotWhatever its meaning it always seems to have to do with “new beginnings” and inauguration. So wishing all new beginnings and abundance of “harvest.”


Remembering All the Way in the Wilderness

Wilderness-part1This is the first class in Ross’ teaching series on the Biblical Book of Numbers. In this class Ross introduces the Torah’s 4th book and provides his listeners with a point that the journeys of the children of Israel represent not only geographical movement, but a transition of faith and a transition from a nation of slaves to a free and holy nation. Ross demonstrates that the salvation of Israel involves a departure from Egypt as well as a journey towards the land of milk and honey. He shows that while many people see the wilderness as a place of dryness and barrenness, the Bible presents another picture of life in the wilderness: a life of divine protection, provision and purpose.

Click here to listen to this teaching.

Jerusalem Day and the Prophet Daniel

wallIyar 28th on the Jewish calendar marks the day that Jerusalem was re-united and the Jewish people regained control of the Old City in June of 1967. Could it be that the miraculous events of June 7, 1967 were foretold by the ancient prophet Daniel? In his book, Restoring Abrahamic Faith, Dr. James Tabor (2008) presents a compelling argument that the “completely unanticipated capture of the Old City of Jerusalem by Israeli forces during the Six Day War…appears to provide a rather remarkable ‘benchmark’ of prophetic fulfillment” (p. 92).

Tabor shows that the capture of Jerusalem on June 7, 1967 / Iyar 28, 5727 happens to coincide precisely with an ancient event that took place 2300 years earlier. Tabor (2008) stated, “the Persian defeat by Alexander the Great, on June 7, 334 B.C.E. (Artemisius 28th on the Olympiad Calendar), began 2300 years of hostile Gentile domination of Jerusalem” (p.93). As Tabor (2008) puts it, “the fact that the entire Temple Mount, including the Dome of the Rock and the al-Aqsa Mosque, came under Jewish control on that very day, in that very year, June 7, 1967, is rather uncanny” (p.93). Uncanny indeed. Why so?

The Hebrew prophet Daniel spoke of a he-goat that would defeat a ram. This would be followed by a trampling of Jerusalem by Gentiles, but then after the 2300 days are over there would be a “vindication” (Daniel Chapter 8). Scholars agree that the “he-goat” represents Greece and the “ram” represents Persia. Students of prophecy have often interpreted the “days” of Daniel’s prophecy as “years.” Tabor (2008) shows that Methodist minister, Adam Clarke, in 1825 predicted with close accuracy the restoration of Jerusalem. He missed by one year, presumably because he, “made a mistake in math moving from B.C.E. to C.E., neglecting to add the extra year required (there is no year zero)” (Tabor, p. 92-92).

On this day, as you reflect on the miracle of Jerusalem Day, consider that the events of that day in the summer of 1967, may very well have been seen by an ancient Jewish prophet.

References & Additional Reading

Six Day War. (n.d.). Retrieved from

Tabor, J.D. (2008). Restoring Abrahamic Faith (3rd ed.). Charlotte, NC: Genesis 2000.

Tabor, J.D. (2013). TaborBlog. Retrieved from

Blessings Begin When We Listen

iStock_000064023065_XXXLarge-copy-200x300In this class Ross covers material from the final two readings of the book of Leviticus. He focuses on what are called the blessings and the curses found in the 26th chapter. Ross shows that the blessings are the result of obedience, or as the Torah puts it – Listening! Could it really be that simple? Ross shows from multiple examples that to listen is the first step in the process of Biblical blessing. He also shows that NOT listening to the Torah leads to the “curse of the Law!” You will not want to miss this teaching.

Click here to listen to this teaching.

Israel’s Bible in the Little

littlebibleIn this week’s class, Ross continues with the study of holiness. He begins by covering several key passages that state the charge given to the priests about being Holy and then works through various texts to illustrate this point. He bases the teaching on what he calls, Israel’s Bible in the little (Leviticus 22:31-33). In these few verses, Ross shows that holiness can be clearly defined. What is the secret to holiness? Listen to this teaching to find out.

Click here to listen to this teaching.

Remembering David Horowitz: When Israel Was A Child . . .

1953 began with a new United States Presidential administration. With the transition from Truman to Eisenhower, the US began to distance itself from Israel. A new Middle East policy began to take shape that would influence American decision-makers for the remainder of the century. The greatest danger in the view of the new administration was the Soviet Union. US policy throughout the 1950s would be primarily shaped by the effort to contain communism.

Israelis were disappointed by the Arabs refusal to recognize its existence after the 1948 War of Independence. They were discouraged further by the policies of the new Eisenhower administration, which ranged from apathetic to seemingly hostile. Eisenhower thought that the previous administration had been excessively partial to Israel and he resolved to follow a more even-handed policy on the Arab-Israeli conflict.

The foreign aid program for Israel that Truman had initiated after the 1948 war was quickly reduced. Aid was used as a lever to extract concessions. The Israelis were encouraged to make territorial concessions in exchange for peace with the Arabs. The new president also refused to sell arms to Israel and showed little tolerance for Israeli policies.

In fairness, it’s important we understand the forces at work in the shift of US policy. In addition to the growing cold war with the Soviets, Eisenhower faced a potent challenge in Arab nationalism. Two issues were considerable factors. First, there were the lingering vestiges of British and French imperialism in the Arab world. The fact that the US was formally allied with Britain and France aroused considerable popular resentment in the Arab world. Secondly, the issue was Zionism. The fact that the US had played a key role in the creation of Israel aroused even deeper Arab resentment.

The basic dilemma thus became another all too familiar political juggling act. The US had to keep the Arab states favorably disposed toward the West and keep the region’s oil reserves and strategic positions accessible, while at the same time, remaining committed to Israel’s survival and security, a position that caused deep resentment in the Arab world.

Hanukkah 1953

Hanukkah on Israeli Kibbutz 1953

The new nation of Israel was a mere child, yet five years old, learning to live a new life of self-determination, while surrounded by a world of hostile forces committed to its destruction. Would it survive? Could it? What were the odds? If we could pause and tear a page from history that shows us a picture of the new five year old, what would the child look like? How was it behaving?

Fortunately, we have such a record today. As the US shifted its Middle Eastern policy, we are allowed a look back at the old family photo.

David Horowitz, serving as a Special Correspondent for “The Voice,” a Los Angeles publication with the largest Jewish circulation in the West, had returned from an extended stay in Israel and offered a full report of his findings in the June 12, 1953 issue of the publication. The following is David’s assessment of the new nation in his own words.

JERUSALEM-“My three month visit to Israel, having afforded me the opportunity to traverse the country and study carefully almost every phase of life here, has left me with the following impressions:

  • Israel as a whole is the most dynamic and promising little country in the world. The sturdy, energetic Israelis are creating a Commonwealth along this Mediterranean crescent which, judging by the present intensive activities, has all the signs of becoming a second little “America.” Settlements dotting the nation are expanding and thriving at a pace unequalled in history. Possibilities here are as great as they were in the early days of colonization in America. The wise and the foresighted are putting a stake in this land and now is the time of opportunity. Four or five years hence might be too late in order to get in on the ground floor.
  • Opportunities for foreign investors in nearly every field of endeavor are greater now than ever. The Mapai-General Zionist Coalition, opening a new trend, has enhanced the situation. Former restrictions placed on private enterprises have been relaxed. The political trend is tending more and more towards the center, away from Mapai-Mapam influences (note: Mapai was the largest left wing political party, General Zionists the centrists political party and Mapam, a left wing labor party with Marxist ideology). My survey has shown that more than 30 percent of the population is independent of Party affiliation. Also, many within the Mapai-Mapam Parties find themselves favorably disposed to the new trend. Here lies a great power for the future, a power that may well prove decisive during the next elections.
  • Despite the present economic difficulties, and they are many, no nation in history has doubled its population in so short a time. With population growth from 650,000 to 1,450,000, the State is moving ahead uninterruptedly with numerous national projects. These include roadways, waterways improvements and port developments. Most important, Israel’s military strength has more than tripled since the War of Independence. The leading cities of Jerusalem, Tel Aviv, Haifa, Tiberius, Beersheba, Ashkenlon, Rishon, Petah Tikvah, Ramleh, Afuleh and Acre, have all embarked upon large-scale municipal programs which will make these vital centers equal major tourist attractions.
  • Israel is the most music and art-loving country in the world, even surpassing Italy. The strains of the great masters are heard daily from almost every house with the new songs of Zion as happy interludes. There is singing in the streets and dancing during festivals and holidays. The Sabbath in Israel is truly Sabbath. Shops and factories close early Friday afternoon and some two hours before sundown the streets become deserted. Thus universal acceptance of the Sabbath by all Israelis is remarkable. The seventh day rest transcends affiliations. It is a holy day of peace and relaxation for all. While it’s true that only a minority goes to the synagogue, the majority rejoices in the delights of the Sabbath under the canopy of the clear skies, enjoying the seas, lakes and rivers and the many glories this land has to offer. Saturday is indeed Sabbath.
  • As for the Arabs remaining in Israel, their lot has never been better. A buyer of tobacco took me to several Arab villages recently. With us, went an official of the company buying the rich tobacco leaves. He carried a briefcase containing 10,000 Israeli pounds. After the tobacco bales were weighed, the Arab growers were paid on the spot. The inspector revealed to me that during the Mandate days, the Arabs often had to wait up to a year until payment was made, and they themselves had to go into the city from their villages begging payment, thus losing valuable time that could be spent working their plantations. In one of these villages I was invited into the home of an Arab member of the Knesset. A flagpole over this home flew the blue and white flag of Israel. For the Arabs living in this village, this emblem meant something new and good. For they are their own witnesses to the fact that since this flag has flown over their village, their conditions have improved a hundredfold. This was evidenced by the joyful and happy expressions of their children who did not appear any different from the Israeli children of their neighbors.”

Meanwhile, on the world scene, Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin dies, the UN and North Korea sign a truce agreement ending the North Korean invasion of South Korea, and King Hussein bin Talal assumes the throne in Jordan. Grandson of King Abdullah bin Hussein who was assassinated in 1951, King Hussein’s rule would extend throughout the cold war and four decades of Arab-Israeli conflict.

At the United Nations, Dag Hammarskjold, Swedish diplomat and economist, was elected the new Secretary-General of the UN after Trygve Lie’s resignation. David Horowitz and Dag Hammarskjold were both Swedes. They became good friends and the fact that they shared the same birthplace gave them great chemistry. Their friendship and respectful working relationship would continue until Hammarskjold’s tragic death in 1961. David’s shock and subsequent action will be the subject of a future installment.

An exhausted Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion announced his intention to withdraw from government and was replaced by Moshe Sharett, who was elected the second Prime Minister of Israel in January 1954. Ben-Gurion would later return to government in 1955 and soon be re-elected as Prime Minister.

In an article written by Adam Garfinkle entitled “The Triangle connecting the U. S., Israel, and American Jewry may be coming apart” and published in Tablet Magazine on November 5, 2013, Garfinkle reported: ”For President Harry Truman, the Jews of America stood for the Jewish people in history as mediated through the prism of Anglo-American Protestantism. Truman actually cried when Chief Ashkenazic Rabbi Yitzhak Herzog told him, during his White House visit on May 11, 1949, what he as President had done, in broad meta-historical terms, for the Jewish people. In a private meeting after Truman left the White House, he replied to the thanks offered by the head of the Jewish Theological Seminary by answering his host, “What do you mean helped create Israel, I am Cyrus; I am Cyrus!”

For the young child Israel, a new era had begun.

And a long, long exile had ended.

This is the eighth in the ongoing series “Remembering David Horowitz.” Be sure to read any posts you have missed at our archive here.

BuntynRalph Buntyn is executive vice president and associate editor of United Israel World Union. A historian and researcher, his many articles and essays have appeared in various media outlets.